Body Measurements of Four Types of Camel Breed in Algeria

Authors

  • Ibtissam DICH Applied genetic in agriculture, ecology and public health laboratory (GenApAgiE), Faculty of Sciences of Nature and Life, Earth and Universe Sciences Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
  • Imen MEGHELLI Laboratory of Genetic applied in Agronomy, ecology and public health (GenApAgiE), Faculty SNV/STU, University of Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
  • Zoubeyda KAOUADJI Laboratory of Genetic applied in Agronomy, ecology and public health (GenApAgiE), Faculty SNV/STU, University of Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
  • Derradji HAREK Institut national de recherche agronomique algérien (INRAA), Mahdi Boualam, Algérie
  • Samira DICH Laboratory of Genetic applied in Agronomy, ecology and public health (GenApAgiE), Faculty SNV/STU, University of Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
  • Madani LABBACI Laboratory of Genetic applied in Agronomy, ecology and public health (GenApAgiE), Faculty SNV/STU, University of Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria
  • Semir Bechir Suheil GAOUAR Laboratory of Genetic applied in Agronomy, ecology and public health (GenApAgiE), Faculty SNV/STU, University of Abou Bekr Belkaid, Tlemcen, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46325/gabj.v7i2.338

Keywords:

Algeria, Camel, Breed, Body measurements, Diversity

Abstract

In Algeria, the Sahara covers more than 85% of the total area. The dromedary is the only species able to valorize this desert ecosystem (Chehma et al., 2008). The knowledge of Algerian camel populations by performing a morphological characterization is the first step to manage and preserve this important resource.

Two hundred and seventy seven head belong to four breed types of Algerian camel (Targui, Steppe, Sahraoui and Ouled Sidi Cheikh) were randomly selected from five regions of Algeria (Ouargla, El Oued, Ghardaia, Laghouat and El Bayadh). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of breed types, sex and age groups on some body measurements of these animals. Body measurements were taken using metric tape (height at wither, head length, body length, neck length, tail length, chest girth and body weight). Averages of height at wither, head length, body length, neck length, tail length, chest girth and body weight were 177.5±9.71 cm, 50.64±6.13 cm, 149.2±15.04 cm, 114.1±14.09 cm, 57.88±13.22 cm, 174.4±24.57 cm and 293.9±64.03 kg respectively. The results also revealed that body measurements were significantly affected by type of camel and age group. The Ouled Sidi Cheikh camel had the highest values in head length, body length, tail length and chest girth. Moreover Sahraoui camel had the highest values in height at wither, neck length, and body weight in Algeria. Regarding to the age the camels (8 to 9) years had significantly high values in all body measurements followed by those in (10 to 12) years, while the animals in the first group ≤ 3 years recorded the lowest values. Furthermore, the results showed that the sex of camel significantly affected the body measurements, and the males had significantly higher (P< 0.01) values than those of females.

Keywords: Algeria, Camel, Breed, Body measurements, diversity.

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Published

07/06/2023

How to Cite

DICH, I., MEGHELLI, I., KAOUADJI, Z., HAREK, D. ., DICH, S. ., LABBACI , M. ., & GAOUAR, S. B. S. (2023). Body Measurements of Four Types of Camel Breed in Algeria. Genetics & Biodiversity Journal, 7(2), 51–57. https://doi.org/10.46325/gabj.v7i2.338

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