Lentisk fruits (Pistacia lentiscus L.) as sources of phytochemicals with potential health benefits: A review


  • Amel ZITOUNI Laboratory of Natural Products, Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Earth and Universe Sciences, University Abou- Bakr Belkaïd, Imama, Tlemcen, Algeria;
  • Nadjat CHEKROUN-BECHLAGHEM Laboratory of Natural Products, Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Earth and Universe Sciences, University Abou- Bakr Belkaïd, Imama, Tlemcen, Algeria
  • Nassira GHEMBAZA Laboratory of Natural Products, Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Earth and Universe Sciences, University Abou- Bakr Belkaïd, Imama, Tlemcen, Algeria;
  • Nabila BELYAGOUBI-BENHAMMOU Laboratory of Natural Products, Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Earth and Universe Sciences, University Abou- Bakr Belkaïd, Imama, Tlemcen, Algeria




Pistacia lentiscus. L; Traditional medicine; Phytochemistry; Biological activities.


The field of phytochemistry is increasingly interested in the use of plants in order to discover new therapeutic treatments, by scientifically proving their role, as popular remedies against diseases. Pistacia lentiscus L. is a medicinal and aromatic plant belonging to the Anacardiaceae family. The distribution of this plant includes Mediterranean area. Indeed, it is very used in Algerian traditional medicine.

Different parts of this specie have been used in traditional medicine to treat some diseases, such as respiratory problems, disorders of the digestive system, hypertension, coughs, sore throats, eczema, stomachaches, kidney stones and jaundice in many countries.

Scientific findings also revealed the wide pharmacological activities from various parts of this specie, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, antimutagenic, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective and anticancer activities. Many phytochemical constituents like phenolic compounds, terpenoids, fatty acids, and sterols have also been extracted and identified from different parts of Pistacia species in many recent studies.

The objective of this review was to screen the biological properties of P. lentiscus extracts and oils of fruits. Starting from this, we had first researched the phytochemistry composition of this part collected from different geographical areas and then reported the traditional uses. In the second part, we had presented the scientific discovery of its potential and biological activities.


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How to Cite

Amel ZITOUNI, Nadjat CHEKROUN-BECHLAGHEM, Nassira GHEMBAZA, & Nabila BELYAGOUBI-BENHAMMOU. (2023). Lentisk fruits (Pistacia lentiscus L.) as sources of phytochemicals with potential health benefits: A review. Journal of Natural Product Research and Applications, 3(01), 27–44. https://doi.org/10.46325/jnpra.v3i01.50

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